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Social Media Archaeology in Bangladesh

DOI: 10.15340/978-625-00-9894-3_18

Published: 2021 | Pages: 365 - 391

Shafiqur Rahman
Department of English and Communications, South Carolina State University, 202 Crawford Engineering/Communications Building, Orangeburg, SC 2911, USA

Zainul Abedin
Department of Mass Communication, Mississippi Valley State University, 14000 Highway 82 W., Itta Bena, MS 38941, USA

Bangladesh’s media landscape from print and broadcast to today’s digital media has evolved from its 19th century’s strolling colonial-time. The journey of Bangladesh’s media is instilled in a legacy to fight the British colonial rule for 200 years that ended in 1947, then again against the west wing of Pakistan ending in 1971. Although, Bangladesh’s both traditional and digital social media are trying their best to come out of its socio-economic and political colonial dependent legacy, it is still facing tremendous challenges both within and out, and struggling to perform its public service mission and to maintain its independence, neutrality, accountability. Since the essence of social media enhances average peoples’ accessibility to facts, analyses and opinions, and the capacity to share them with others to influence public opinions, thus gaining some social power in society, it would be interesting to analyze and report the fast developing social media scenario in Bangladesh as a book chapter in The Archeology of Social Media. We may name the chapter as the Archeology of Social Media in Bangladesh. This chapter will cover many relevant topics and areas such as the origins and uses of social media in different demographics in Bangladesh. The new social media and technology ownerships and adoption, choice and use of Networks, use of social media in business, banking, finance, marketing, government and non-government organizations, politics and public service, agriculture, education, health and human services. The newly developed laws, regulations, and nature of governmental control, and the latest implementation of the Digital Security Act by the government, and other related topics will be the part of this chapter. If possible, we will also include some relevant case studies that will analyze reasons for tremendous growth of social media (from 5% in 2011 to 41% in 2020), through initiatives such as the Grameenbank and Grameenphone, and the new challenges the social media profession, the professionals, civic and blogging fellows have been facing by restricting laws that are limiting their freedom of expressions as reported by the human rights organizations, such as Reporters sans frontiers (RSF, 2020).

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