Dizin Eklenmedi

Current State of Usage of Social Media for Education: Case of Turkey

Received: 30 Sep 2013 Accepted: 18 February 2014 Published: 29 Mar 2014
DOI:10.15340/2147336611763Pages:53-69

Abstract


 

Despite of popularity of social media and its use for educational purposes in recent years, research studies are in their preliminary stage and researchers are trying to explore this new phenomenon from different perspectives. Thus, the main purpose of this research study was to reveal the patterns and implications of social media usage by higher education institutions in both face-to-face and online teaching environments, namely for blended learning and e-learning. For this purpose, interviews were conducted with instructors and students from two universities, selected as cases, in order to answer various questions. Although there were only two universities selected as cases, the results indicates the current state of social media usage in higher education in Turkey, since these two universities are the leading ones for technological implementations all over the country, together with the presentation of current literature on the issue. One of the main findings was perception of social media as an informal environment that is used for communication and knowledge sharing, as an information source. Another finding was that both instructors and students were unaware of the potential tools and resources that they can benefit from in their educational and research activities. Moreover, the participants were also aware of the need for a change in both perceptions and skills acquisition of individuals in order to cope with these technological innovations. Hence, it was suggested that more and widespread training opportunities together with an institutional strategy are needed for effective implementation. As a result, this research study revealed that social media for higher education is used and implemented only by individual attempts through a limited know-how in terms of potentials that social media can bring to an educational context.

 

Keywords Social media in education, interactive learning environments, improving classroom teaching

Please purchase to download content


€4

Please purchase to download PDF


€4

References


 

Aksüt, M., Ateş, S., Balaban, S., & Çelikkanat, A. (2012 The Attitudes Of Primary And High School Students Towards Social Networks.(An Example Of Facebook). Akademik Bilişim 2012, February 1-3, 2012, Uşak University. Proceedings of Akademik Bilişim Conference. URL: http://ab.org.tr/ab12/bildiri/39.pdf
 
Arends, R. (2011). Learning to Teach (9th revised edition). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
 
Avci, U., & Askar, P. (2012). The Comparison of the Opinions of the University Students on the Usage of Blog and Wiki for Their Courses. Educational Technology & Society, 15 (2), 194–205.
 
Baran, B. & Cagiltay, K. (2010). The Dynamics of Online Communities in the Activity Theory Framework. Educational Technology & Society, 13 (4), 155–166. URL: http://www.ifets.info/journals/13_4/14.pdf
 
Baxter, P. & Jack, S. (2008). Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 544-559. Blazer, C. (2012).Social Networking in Schools: Benefits and Risks; Review of the Research; Policy Considerations; and Current Practices. Information Capsule, 1109, 1-23. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED536527.pdf. CA: Sage.
 
Çam, E., & İşbulan, O. (2012). A New Addiction for Teacher Candidates: Social Networks. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11 (3).
 
Chen, B., & Bryer, T. (2012). Investigating Instructional Strategies for Using Social Media in Formal and Informal Learning. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL), 13 (1), 87-104. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1027/2115.
 
Ekici, M., & Kıyıcı, M. (2012). Using Social Networks in Educational Context. Uşak University Journal of Social Sciences, 5 (2), 156-167.
 
Erkoç, F. M., & Erkoç, Ç. (2011). Use of Social Network Sites as Activity Media for Value Education: Facebook Groups. 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Genç, Z. (2010). Use of Web 2.0 Advancements in Education: A Case Study of Facebook in Education. Akademik Bilişim 2010, February 10-12, 2012, Muğla University. Proceedings of Akademik Bilişim Conference. URL: http://ab.org.tr/ab10/kitap/genc_AB10.pdf
 
Gülbahar, Y., Kalelioğlu, F., & Madran, R. O. (2010). Use of Social Networks for Educational Purposes. XV.Conference of Internet in Turkey, İstanbul, Turkey.
 
İşbulan, O. (2011). Opinions of University Graduates about Social Networks According to Their Personal Characteristics. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10 (2).
 
Kalafat, Ö., & Göktaş, Y. (2011). Usage of Social Networks in Higher Education: University of Gümüşhane, Sample of Facebook. 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Karademir, T., Alper, A. (2011). Standards of Social Networks Being a Learning Environment. 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Kayri, M. & Çakır, Ö. (2010). An Applied Study on Educational Use Of Facebook As A Web 2.0 Tool: The Sample Lesson Of Computer Networks And Communication. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology (IJCSIT), 2 (4). URL: http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1009/1009.0402.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.5121/ijcsit.2010.2405
 
Keleş, E., & Demirel, P. (2011). Using Facebook in Formal Education as a Social Network. 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Kietzmann, J. H., Hermkens, K., McCarthy, I. P., & Silvestre, B. S. (2011). Social media? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media, Business Horizons, 54 (3), 241-251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2011.01.005
 
Koç, M., Karabatak, M. (2011). Investigation of the Effect of Social Networks on Students by Using Data Mining, pp. 942-947. International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Mazman, S. G. & Usluel, Y. K. (2010). Modeling educational usage of Facebook. Computers & Education, 55 (2), 444-453.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.008
 
Odabaşı, H. F., Mısırlı, Ö., Günüç, S., Tımar, Z.Ş., Ersoy, M., Som, S., Dönmez, F.İ., Akçay, T., & Erol, O.(2012). A New Media for Education: Twitter. Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, 2 (1).
 
Oktay, S., & Çakır, R. (2012). Investigation of relation between attitudes toward technology and use of technology of primary school teachers. X. National Congress of Science and Mathematics, Niğde: Niğde University.
 
Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations (4th Ed.), New York: The Free Press.
 
Şenel, H. C., & Seferoğlu, S. S. (2009). Blog Activities In Education: Examples From Elementary School Computer Courses, pp. 142-148. 9th International Educational Technology Conference (IETC2009), Ankara, Turkey. URL: http://yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~sadi/yayin/IETC2009_Senel-Seferoglu_Ag-Gunlugu.pdf
 
Tınmaz, H. (2013). Use of Social Network Web Sites and Social Networks in Education, pp. 615-630. Çağıltay, K. ve Göktaş, Y. (Eds). Foundations of Instructional Technologies: Theories, Research Studies, Approaches, Pegem Akademi, Ankara.
 
Tiryakioglu, F., & Erzurum, F. (2011). Use of Social Networks as an Education Tool. Contemporary Educational Technology, 2 (2), 135-150.
 
Toğay, A., Akdur, T. E., Yetişken, İ. C., & Bilici, A. (2013). The Usage of Social Networks in Education Processes: A Vocational High School Experience. Akademik Bilişim 2013, January 23-25 2013, Akdeniz University, Antalya. URL: http://ab.org.tr/ab13/bildiri/302.pdf
 
Turan, Z., & Göktaş, Y. (2011). Online Social Networking Sites: Why Don't Students Use Facebook? 5th International Computer & Instructional Technologies Symposium, Elazığ.
 
Uçak, N. Ö. & Çakmak, T. (2010). Web 2.0 Usage Attributes of Students at the Hacettepe University Department of Information Management. 2nd International Symposium on Information Management in the Changing World, Ankara.
 
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, Yükseltürk, E. & Top, E. (2013). Use of Web 2.0 Technologies in Teacher Education, pp. 665-680. Çağıltay, K. ve Göktaş, Y. (Eds). Foundations of Instructional Technologies: Theories, Research Studies, Approaches. Pegem Akademi, Ankara.
 
Zawacki-Richter, O. (2009). Research Areas in Distance Education: A Delphi Study. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL), 10 (3), 1-17. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/674/1260 on June 6, 2013
 

Citation Information


Cited by articles

Cited by Google Scholar

Search GoogleScholar

Citation Management Tool



Altmetric Attention Score


Full Text Views

Cited by


Ethical Obligations Journal Sevices Contact us
Copyright © 2010-2017 MacroWorld Ltd. All Rights Reserved