Dizin Eklenmedi

Functional Grammar Instruction Impact on Writing Quality

Received: 2014-08-31 Accepted: 2014-12-30 Published: 2015-03-15
DOI:10.15340/2147350112847Pages:71-85

Abstract


 

Traditional grammar instruction at the elementary level tends to focus on isolated linguistic features such as the eight parts of speech and sentence types. This type of instruction omits an important part of writing which is the interrelatedness between grammatical structures and meaning. Using a Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) framework, this mixed methods study examined the use of SFL-inspired writing instruction in fourth grade classrooms over the course of the fall semester to develop students’ descriptive writing. A sample of 24 students representing three ability levels was randomly selected for detailed text analysis. Writing samples from each student at three separate time intervals were collected and evaluated. Both quantitative and qualitative examination of students’ essays revealed a significant improvement in students’ descriptive writing over time. These improvements were linked to greater command of the linguistic elements that were the targets of instruction. Stabilization in writing progress was observed when instruction focused on test preparation. Implications are discussed.

 

Keywords: Writing development, functional grammar, text analysis, literacy instruction

 

Please purchase to download content


€4

Please purchase to download PDF


€4

References


 

Author, (2014). International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences Balzarolo, K. (2010). Getting started with functional grammar in an upper primary classroom. Literacy Learning: The Middle Years, 18(3), 20-27.
 
Black, A., & Bannan, S. (2010). Functional grammar: A change in writer's self-perception. Practically Primary, 15(3), 12-17.
 
Christie, F. (2002). The development of abstraction in adolescence in subject English. In M. Schleppegrell & M. C. Colobi (Eds.), Developing advanced literacy in first and second language: Meaning with power (pp. 45-66). London: Routledge.
 
Christie, F. (2012). Language education throughout the school years: A functional perspective. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.
 
Derewianka, B. (2011). A new grammar companion for teachers. Sydney, NSW Australia: PETAA.
 
Droga, L., & Humphrey, S. (2005). Grammar and meaning: An introduction for primary teachers. Berry, Australia: Target Texts.
 
Fearn, L., & Farnan, N. (2007). When is a verb? Using functional grammar to teach writing. Journal of Basic Writing (CUNY), 26, 63-87.
 
Harklau, L., (2002). The role of writing in classroom second language acquisition. Journal of Second Language Writing, 11, 329-350.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1060-3743(02)00091-7
 
Halliday, M.A.K. (1979). Working conference on language in education: Report to participants. Sydney, Australia: Extension Programme and Department of Linguistics, Sydney University.
 
Halliday, M.A.K., & Matthiessen, C. (2004). An Introduction to functional grammar (3rd ed.). London: Arnold.
 
Humphrey, S., Droga, L., & Feez, S. (2012). Grammar and meaning. Laura St. Newtown, NSW Australia: Primary English Teaching Association Australia.
 
Martin, J. R., (2009). Genre and language learning: A social semiotic perspective. Linguistics and Education, 20(1), 10-21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2009.01.003
 
Martin, J. R., & Rose, D. (2008). Genre relation: Mapping culture. London: Equinox.
 
Meeks, L. L., & Austin, C. J. (2003). Literacy in the secondary English classroom: Strategies for teaching the way kids learn. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
 
Nunan, D. (2003). Teaching grammar in context. In C. N. Candlin & N. Mercer (Eds.), English language teaching in its social context (pp. 191-199). London: Routledge.
 
Schleppegrell, M. J. (2013). The role of metalanguage in supporting academic language development. Language Learning, 63(1), 153-170. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9922. 2012.007 42.x
 
Schleppegrell, M. J & Go, A. L. (2007). Analyzing the writing of English learners: A functional approach. Language Arts, 84(6), 529-538.
 
Texas Education Agency. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.tea.state.tx.us/

Citation Information


Cited by articles

Cited by Google Scholar

Search GoogleScholar

Citation Management Tool



Altmetric Attention Score


Full Text Views

Cited by


Ethical Obligations Journal Sevices Contact us
Copyright © 2010-2017 MacroWorld Ltd. All Rights Reserved