Dizin Eklenmedi

Did Muhammad Really Say That?! Jamal al-Banna’s Refutation of Sahih al-Bukhari’s Infallibility

Received: 2015-01-03 Accepted: 2015-09-23 Published: 2015-10-20



The main goal of this paper is to check if Muslims can rely on the most authoritative sources for reports that are attributed to Messenger Muhammad. This goal is significant because every time a Muslim seeks an Islamic justification for a view or deed of theirs, they are supposed to turn to the Quran and then to Muhammad’s Sunnah (tradition). Yet where can Muslims find out about the Sunnah? The usual (Sunni) answer is to check the ostensibly true reports on the Messenger’s actions, e.g. in Sahih al-Bukhari by Muhammad al-Bukhari (810-70 CE) and in Sahih Muslim by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj’s (ca. 817-75). However, Muslims who check hadiths are sometimes astonished about their contents and wonder: Did Muhammad really say that?! One of the most prominent Arab Muslim critics of the dogmatic use of the “Two Sahihs” is the late Jamal al-Banna (1920-2013). Therefore, the method of this paper is to analyze his two main books on hadith authenticity, namely Jinayat Qabilat “Haddathana” (The Crime of Those Who Said: “It Was Reported to Us”) and Tajrid al-Bukhari wa Muslim min al-Ahadith allati la Tulzim (Removing Unbinding Reports from al-Bukhari and Muslim). The principal result of this paper is that neither Sahih al-Bukhari nor any other hadith book labeled “sahih” is infallible. The conclusion is that because of the serious doubts about the authenticity of many hadiths, some of which appear in the “Two Sahihs,” al-Banna argues for a complete review of all hadiths and offers a methodology to check hadith authenticity.


Keywords: False hadiths, Sunnah manipulation, hadith revision, hadith authenticity

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