Dizin Eklenmedi

Classical Courtyard Houses of Beijing: Architecture as Cultural Artifact

Received: Accepted: Published: 2015-12-30
DOI:10.15340/2148172511881Pages:47-68

Abstract


 

Abstract: Vernacular architecture has a long and entrenched root in culture, and culture has been regarded as the fourth pillar of sustainable development that is increasingly brought into contemporary architectural discourse. This paper considers architecture as cultural artifact and examines the form, space, materials, and construction of classical courtyard houses of Beijing (siheyuan), which is an outstanding type of vernacular Chinese architecture, because the author’s fieldwork in China shows that current Chinese housing designers and builders often lack basic knowledge about their architectural history, and that Chinese-Americans interested in building Chinese-style courtyard houses in America are keen to learn about their architectural heritage. The study endeavors to provide a reading for all fond of the topic. At the end of the paper, the author proposes a model of new courtyard garden houses that honors Chinese architectural culture while incorporating modern facilities to meet today’s living requirements. The scheme combining privacy with community may contribute to a discussion on sustainable architecture.

Keywords: Courtyard house, Beijing siheyuan, vernacular architecture, architectural culture, China

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References


 

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